Light After Life

Exploring the mysteries of Life, Death and Beyond. Afterlife, Mediumship, Spiritualism: Death is not the end; I am but waiting for you for an interval ...

Come back to LAL - we miss you!

If you were a member of the old LAL Forum before the change of address and wish to reactivate your old username account, click HERE.

Latest topics

» To support or not
by Candlelight 17th April 2018, 09:56

» Medium - Allison Dubois
by Candlelight 17th April 2018, 09:39

» Arranging a funeral - A step-by-step guide
by Misty 15th April 2018, 09:26

» Charlie Kelly - Medium
by Misty 15th April 2018, 09:21

» Limited perspectives
by Candlelight 13th April 2018, 12:23

» We experience what we believe
by Candlelight 13th April 2018, 12:15

» In the dark with Gary Mannion (finally exposed as FRAUD)
by mac 12th April 2018, 19:38

» Celebrating the 170th Anniversary of Modern Spiritualism
by mac 12th April 2018, 19:37

» 5th Dimension: Near Death Experience (Science Documentary)
by Candlelight 10th April 2018, 13:33

» The Science of Near-Death Experiences
by Candlelight 10th April 2018, 12:22

» Open Week at the Arthur Findlay College, 2018
by Candlelight 7th April 2018, 12:29

» Spiritualists’ World Congress 2018 - AFC
by Candlelight 7th April 2018, 12:12

» Eben Alexander: A Neurosurgeon's Journey through the Afterlife
by Candlelight 31st March 2018, 17:25

» Michael Prescott's Blog
by Misty 30th March 2018, 13:52

» Spiritual Forums
by Misty 30th March 2018, 12:57

» The Way to The Light
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 13:42

» Temples of Wisdom
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 13:36

» The Search for Life after Death
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 13:29

» The Otherside Press
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 13:25

» Survival Research Institute of Canada
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 13:21

» Robert Lanza, M.D. - Biocentrism
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 13:06

» Multidimensional Man
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 12:21

» Life in the World Unseen
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 12:06

» Life Beyond Death
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 12:01

» International Foundation for Survival Research
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 11:57

» Forever Family Foundation
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 11:55

» There IS Life After Death
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 11:52

» Epoch Times: Studies Explore Life After Death
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 11:47

» Compelling Evidence for the Afterlife
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 11:45

» AllNurses: Death Bed Visions
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 11:42

» Afterlife Forums
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 11:38

» Afterlife Research and Education Institute (AREI)
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 11:32

» Afterlife Knowledge
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 11:11

» Afterlife 101
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 11:02

» Afterlife: A Guided Tour of Heaven And Its Wonders
by Candlelight 29th March 2018, 10:48

» Topics now listed alphabetically
by Candlelight 28th March 2018, 20:29

» International Spiritualist Federation (ISF)
by Candlelight 27th March 2018, 19:58

» Psychic News - April 2018 issue
by Candlelight 27th March 2018, 17:51

» Gordon Smith
by Stardust 27th March 2018, 11:44

» Nature and natural history books
by Stardust 27th March 2018, 11:35

» It's that time again ...
by mac 24th March 2018, 22:59

» Planet Earth
by Stardust 21st March 2018, 11:35

» Wildlife
by Stardust 21st March 2018, 08:48

» Friends
by Stardust 21st March 2018, 08:14

» The Day I Died (BBC Documentary)
by Candlelight 20th March 2018, 00:14

» First Spiritual Temple
by Misty 17th March 2018, 22:21

» Campaign for Philosophical Freedom
by Candlelight 13th March 2018, 20:08

» Afterlife Research Centre (ARC)
by Candlelight 13th March 2018, 19:58

» Association Trans Communication (ATC)
by Candlelight 13th March 2018, 19:41

» Making a difference
by Candlelight 12th March 2018, 12:26

» Pioneer Journal
by Candlelight 10th March 2018, 18:08

» Science and the Scéance (BBC Documentary)
by Candlelight 10th March 2018, 16:35

» Sally Morgan
by mac 9th March 2018, 21:29

» Growing ourselves
by Candlelight 5th March 2018, 15:15

» Mediumship, Psychical Research & Leslie Flint 1998
by Candlelight 2nd March 2018, 15:17

» Psychic News - March 2018 issue
by Candlelight 27th February 2018, 17:23

» International Association for the Preservation of Spiritual and Occult Periodicals (IAPSOP)
by mac 26th February 2018, 23:14

» [solved] Yahoo Mail down - again!
by Misty 26th February 2018, 11:51

» The Case of ESP - (Original, Uncut 1983 BBC Film)
by Candlelight 23rd February 2018, 19:57

» Psychic (Part 1 and 2)
by Candlelight 20th February 2018, 15:56

» Harry Edwards And His Healing
by Candlelight 19th February 2018, 20:16

» A reminder ....
by Candlelight 19th February 2018, 14:02

» Feeling safe
by Candlelight 14th February 2018, 13:52

» The Enfield Haunting
by Candlelight 7th February 2018, 20:46

» Time to stop seeking?
by Candlelight 6th February 2018, 23:04

» Security
by Candlelight 6th February 2018, 12:55

» Psychic News
by evergreen 4th February 2018, 17:59

» [solved] Just to reassure ....
by Candlelight 30th January 2018, 14:21

» What is Your Psychological Archetype? - Quiz
by Misty 29th January 2018, 12:51

» Opportunity
by Candlelight 29th January 2018, 10:05

» Defending Joel Waller
by mac 26th January 2018, 13:58

» Psychic News - February 2018
by Candlelight 25th January 2018, 15:39

» What is soul consciousness?
by Candlelight 23rd January 2018, 10:14

» Kai Muegge
by mac 20th January 2018, 14:06

» What The Bleep Do We Know? - Down The Rabbit Hole
by Candlelight 15th January 2018, 18:34

» Silver Birch
by mac 12th January 2018, 00:34

» Commitments to serve
by Candlelight 10th January 2018, 11:29

» Merry Christmas!
by CandyJohn 5th January 2018, 05:39

» HAPPY NEW YEAR !
by CandyJohn 5th January 2018, 05:38

» Transformation
by Candlelight 4th January 2018, 20:57

» Warren Caylor
by Misty 3rd January 2018, 14:34

» Quote of the Day
by mac 31st December 2017, 18:40

» Psychic News - January 2018
by ariel 28th December 2017, 23:12

» Reality and the Extended Mind (Documentary)
by Candlelight 28th December 2017, 10:27

» Hi to all
by Candlelight 27th December 2017, 14:23

» Hello !
by Candlelight 27th December 2017, 14:19

» Who is Waller Joel?
by Candlelight 27th December 2017, 13:17

» Hello
by CandyJohn 27th December 2017, 04:38

» Remember...
by Candlelight 26th December 2017, 16:05

» How does Mediumship work?
by Candlelight 23rd December 2017, 20:01

» Grimms' Fairy Tales
by mac 22nd December 2017, 14:19

» Are you ready to re-align with the changing seasons?
by Candlelight 21st December 2017, 12:45

» hi all
by CandyJohn 21st December 2017, 05:56

» Hello Everyone
by CandyJohn 21st December 2017, 05:54

» CandyJohn is here?
by CandyJohn 21st December 2017, 05:52

» illusion?
by Candlelight 21st December 2017, 02:01

» Renesme is here
by Misty 18th December 2017, 13:07

» Tony Stockwell
by Misty 18th December 2017, 12:45

» Water wisdom
by Candlelight 17th December 2017, 11:46

Top posting users this week

Quote of the Day

The Psi Encyclopedia

Created by the Society for
Psychical Research in London,
the Psi Encyclopedia is a collection
of articles and case studies about psi research, the scientific investigation of psychic phenomena. (see post)

Contents A-Z

Library of free online reading

A collection of FREE online reading relating to Spiritualism/Psi research
past & present.

Click HERE to enter

Top posting users this month

_____ KRAZY KATS FORUM _____


Visit Krazy Kats forum here:
https://krazykats.forumotion.co.uk/
(Separate membership & login required)

Witchcraft in our time

Share
avatar
Candlelight
.
.

Posts : 2298
Location : London

Witchcraft in our time

Post by Candlelight on 31st October 2017, 13:25

witchy   Many of us today, had we lived back in the 17th Century, would have been hanged for being a witch, simply because of our belief and interest and taking part in any situation which involves communing with those who have passed on.   
Possessing Tarot cards or even just normal playing cards in some parts of the world even today can find you accused of being "in league with the devil" or "doing the devil's work".

Indeed, depending on where you live in the world, to this very day, an accusation of 'witchcraft' practice of any form can still mean a sentence of death by hanging, an official ruling from the highest law of that land.
Example:  Saudi Arabia's War on Witchcraft


This article by the BBC's Sean Coughlan is apt reading for today (Halloween):

'My relation was stabbed as a witch'
By Sean Coughlan

It's Halloween and the shops are full of make-believe witches and ghosts.
But Emily Ward-Willis has a more personal connection.
Her research into her family history found an ancestor accused of being a real witch, 150 years ago this week in Stratford-upon-Avon.
Such was the suspicion and whispering campaign around her great-great-great grandmother that her neighbours stabbed her.
They thought that 57-year-old Jane Ward had been sending headless ghosts down chimneys and performing witchcraft that was harming their families.
Her neighbour, John Davis, believed that the way to lift a witch's curse was to draw her blood - and backed up by some of his family, he stabbed her in the face.

'Horrifically painful'

"I don't think she was an actual witch," says Emily.
"My mental image of her is as an old woman who had lived a hard life. She might have been slightly eccentric."
The deep knife wound "would have been horrifically painful for her".

To modern eyes, this looks like the harassment of an isolated and vulnerable woman. Or the Victorian version of fake news.
For months before the attack, Jane Ward had been shouted at and called a witch. The allegations escalated and she was accused of using evil powers to make ghosts appear, move furniture around and overturn the chair of a disabled child.

'Very tough life'

"She had a very tough life, she'd lost numerous children as babies and her eldest son was in trouble himself and her other son moved away, so she was on her own and then her husband dies," said Emily.
"She'd plunged further and further into poverty."
Emily was able to find out about her ancestor's story because her assailant was charged and given 18 months hard labour - with the court records available at the National Archives in Kew.

But what might seem surprising about this witchcraft story is that it took place as late as the 1860s.
Dr Jessica Nelson, a head of collections at the National Archives, says it's very hard to know what folklore beliefs about witchcraft persisted into the 19th Century, particularly among those who were not literate.

Hundreds executed

In terms of the legal position, the witchcraft laws that had seen hundreds executed in the 16th and 17th Centuries had been overturned in the 1730s, with the presumption that witchcraft did not really exist.
Instead the laws were against people claiming to have such supernatural powers.

This version of witchcraft legislation, against people pretending to be witches or being able to summon spirits, was used into the 1940s.
But the attack on Jane Ward suggests that such old beliefs about the existence of witches ran deep.
And there seems to have been a consistent pattern of isolated and impoverished women being the most likely to be accused.
These were the archetypal scapegoats, accused of anything that went wrong.
"Witches could be accused of everything from huge natural disasters to someone's cat dying," said Dr Nelson.




10 myths about witches, from Dr Jessica Nelson at the National Archives

  • Pointy hats. Not really. Those accused of witchcraft wore all kinds of hats or none.
  • Broomsticks. Witches were claimed to be able to fly, but not always on broomsticks. They could also fly on their own or on horses. And they had other animals, including dogs, not just black cats.
  • Always women? No. About 80% of accusations were against women. But men could be accused of witchcraft as well.
  • Always old? Older, isolated people were more vulnerable to such claims, but young people were also accused.
  • Were men called wizards? No. Male witches were just called witches as well.
  • Were people accused of being witches always found guilty? No. Perhaps about three-quarters accused of witchcraft were acquitted.
  • Ducking stools in village ponds. These were not used in testing for witchcraft.
  • If they sank they were innocent but drowned anyway? This was not really a common practice. But people accused of being witches were "swum", which meant being tied up and put into water and if they floated it was evidence of being a witch. But they were pulled back on to land if they went under water.
  • Burning at the stake? No, more likely to have been hanged. Lesser offences had jail sentences or being put in the pillory.
  • Halloween and witches. Modern popular culture has created a "bit of a myth" about the link between Halloween and witchcraft, much more so than the historical record.




"They were certainly scapegoated within their communities for things like sickness, women having difficult pregnancies, livestock dying, crop failures, raising storms."
Dr Nelson has been researching waves of witch-hunting and accusations in Pendle in Lancashire in the 17th Century.

Child witch-hunters

The witch finder in one of the Pendle cases was a 10-year-old-boy, who began to identify witches among local people.
Dr Nelson says the boy seems to have been encouraged by his father, who saw this as a way of making the family some money.
Under scrutiny, and when the accused were taken away from the witch hysteria and brought to London, the allegations fell apart, with the boy admitting he had made up the claims.
But even when people had been acquitted there remained a stigma.

"I'm sure it really did blight people's lives," says Dr Nelson.
"Often these accusations are coming out of very small communities, all the people involved know each other.
"In some cases you get accusations and counter-accusations made within families. You occasionally get, as in the first Pendle witch trials, children accusing their parents."

Folk memory

Centuries later the idea of a "witch hunt" still seems to have a grip on the imagination. It's still part of modern political language.
"There does remain this folk memory of people jumping on the bandwagon of accusations and it not really mattering whether those accusations were true or not," says Dr Nelson.
"If someone was accused of being a witch in the 17th Century, it didn't really matter whether they were or not, they had that taint.
"I suppose we still see that today sometimes. It doesn't really matter if some accusations are true or false, they can be very damaging."
But what happened to Jane Ward?
"She survived the attack and she continued to live at home with her daughter," says Emily.
"We have her in the 1871 census, but after that, her life is a bit of a mystery.
"After checking all the records, I'm pretty sure that at some point I'll come across her.
"But maybe she was a witch and she might still be alive… so who knows?"


Source:  http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/education-41742847

    Current date/time is 19th April 2018, 14:54